Happy Birthday Yale
On October 9, 1701, the colonial legislature of Connecticut chartered the Collegiate School. Originally based at the house of the first rector in Killingworth, the school moved to New Haven in 1716, and shortly thereafter took the name Yale College to honor its early benefactor, merchant Elihu Yale.
Yale evolved into a university in the late 1700s to mid-1800s when its original liberal arts curriculum expanded to include graduate and professional education. Among Yale's most prestigious schools are those of divinity, medicine, law, and art. The first doctoral degrees earned in the United States were awarded by the graduate school of arts and sciences in 1861.
In 1832, Yale became the first American college to establish an art gallery. Built with funds from the Connecticut legislature, the Yale University Art Gallery housed a series of American Revolutionary War paintings Colonel John Trumbull donated in 1831. Today, the gallery is one of the country's foremost art venues. Also associated with Yale are the Yale Center for British Art, the Peabody Museum of Natural History, and Yale University Press, one of the nation's most distinguished university publishing houses.
Notable Yale graduates include: presidents William Howard Taft, Gerald Ford, George Bush, and Bill Clinton; inventor Samuel F.B. Morse; and statesman John C. Calhoun.